Why is hair different colors?

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If you look around, you may find that there are many different hair colors (black, brown, blond, red, yellow, grey, white, green, pink, blue). How is that possible?

The body produces something called melanin. It is a pigment. Pigments have nothing to do with pigs, but they are the reason for people´s hair color (as well as for skin and eye color). The more melanin there is in a person's hair, the darker the hair of this person will be. So the amount and the kind of melanin produced in a human body is responsible for the color of the hair.

Of all hair colors, black hair is the darkest and most common color. Brown hair is the second most common hair color and people with brown hair are also called "brunettes". Blond hair may range from nearly white to a dark blond. The mixture of blond and red hair is called "strawberry blond". And as you have certainly noticed, there are also redheaded people. Their hair color ranges from fair red to auburn and dark burgundy and is the rarest hair color of all.

When you look around you also find many people with grey and white hair. This is because the production of melanin in the body may stop as people age. Therefore an aging person's hair then becomes gray or white. However, for some people white hair can appear as early as in their childhood. Sometimes – but not very often – even children are born with gray hair.

When you spot someone with violet, blue or green hair, this color is not this person´s natural hair color. It has been dyed with artificial hair color.


by   (whyzz writer)
  • Exploration

    Did you know that the hair color you have is inherited? That means it's a feature you get from your parents, like eye color. - What other inherited features have you learned about?
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