An immigrant is a person who moves to a country where they were not born in order to settle there and make a new life. Some immigrants move to a new country for work, education or family. Other immigrants leave their home country because of war, disease or lack of opportunities.
The United States has a rich history of immigrants, because the entire country was built on people from around the world moving there. About 150 years ago, nearly 40 million new immigrants came to the U.S.A. During this time, immigrants had to arrive by boat and then make long trips by car, bus or train to other parts of the country.
For immigrants everywhere in the world, some of the biggest challenges are the foreign language in their new country and discrimination, which means not being accepted by this country’s citizens. The reason for this is often jealousy or competition over resources like jobs, housing and food.
It’s important to remember that everyone has the right to leave his or her home country to search for better opportunities or safety in other parts of the world. However, there are laws in each country that regulate who will become a citizen in this country. If a person's life was endangered there are so called Asylum Laws, if people emigrate to find a better job or more quality of life than they need to apply for a visa or citizenship in the country of their choice.