In the English alphabet, we have both vowels and consonants. Can you name all of the vowels? – A, E, I, O, U, and sometimes Y are the letters that make up the vowels in the English alphabet. The consonants are made up of all of the others!
So, consonants are letters like T and L. K, V, N, P… all consonants! But, what do they have in common? What makes them consonants??
Unlike vowels, consonants are letters that require us to block the flow of air from our mouth when we say them, and letters that make us close or partially close some part of our vocal tract (such as mouth or nasal cavity) when we say them.
To get a better idea of how consonants work, say aloud a few vowels, and then a few consonants. Do you feel the way your mouth has to close when you say the letters F or Z but not the letters I or U? Think about the flow of air – more air flows freely out of your mouth when you say vowels than when you say consonants!