What are the North and South Poles?

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You may have heard that polar bears can be found near the North Pole while penguins can be found near the South Pole. We know that these poles are very cold and very far away, but have you ever stopped to think about exactly where they are?

Our planet Earth spins around on an imaginary line running through it. This line is called the Earth’s axis. The North Pole is at the northern end of this axis, and the South Pole is at the southern end. You might say that these poles are at the ends of the Earth! The area around the North Pole is called the Arctic, while the area around the South Pole is called the Antarctic.  

The North Pole and the South Pole are at opposite ends of the Earth, and they have their differences. For example, the North Pole is warmer than the South Pole, so the North Pole can support more life (like animals and plants). Also, the North Pole is in the middle of the ocean (the frozen Arctic Ocean), while the South Pole is in the middle of land (the continent of Antarctica).
by   (whyzz writer)
  • Exploration

    You may hear people talk about items, ideas or people being “polar opposites.” It makes sense that the north and south poles are sometimes used to help describe very different things, since the poles are at opposite ends of the globe!

    Can you think of two animals that are polar opposites? How about the hummingbird and the ostrich? Besides being very different in size, the hummingbird flies well but does not walk well, while the ostrich can’t fly but gets from place to place by running.

    Can you think of other animals that are polar opposites? How about seasons, toys or foods that are also different in many ways?

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